Law No. (9) of 1957 on the Royal Military Academy

 

Royal Decree

on the Royal Military Academy (2)

We, Idris I, King of the United Kingdom of Libya:

Upon review of:

  • Article (26) of the Decree-Law on the Libyan Army issued on 26 January 1956;
  • And the proposal of the Minister of Defence and the approval of the Cabinet.

issued the following decree:

Chapter (1)

Establishment of the Academy

Article (1)

A Royal Military Academy shall be established and it shall be subordinate to the Ministry of Defence. Its aim shall be to graduate Libyan Army officers.

Article (2)

There shall be three committees in the Academy’s headquarters: an administrative committee, an educational committee, and a training committee.

Chapter (2)

Admission Requirements in the Academy

Article (3)

To be admitted in the Academy, the student shall meet the following conditions:

  1. He must hold Libyan nationality.
  2. He must not be less of 17 years and not more than 25 years of age on the day he begins studies at the academy.
  3. He must not have any diseases or suffer from physical or mental disabilities, and he must pass the medical examination for the admission of military personnel.
  4. He must hold a high school diploma or any other certificate considered by the Ministry of Knowledge to be equivalent thereto. By virtue of a Cabinet decree issued upon the recommendation of the Minister of Defence, holders of a certificate less than a high school diploma may be accepted when necessary or when there is an insufficient number of holders of such certificate or its equivalent.

Article (4)

By virtue of a Cabinet decree, holders of other Arab nationalities may be admitted into the Academy. Upon graduation, these students shall be granted the Academy diploma without any Libyan military rank.

Article (5)

Applicants to join the Academy must submit a written request to the Academy administration with the following documents:

  1. Certificate of Libyan nationality.
  2. Criminal record showing no previous offenses.
  3. Certificate of good conduct, issued in the same way as for certificates for the candidate for public positions.
  4. Birth certificate or an official copy thereof.
  5. Secondary education certificate or its equivalent.

Article (6)

Applicants shall be accepted to attend the Academy by a selection committee formed by virtue of a decree by the Minister of Defence. The committee shall ensure that the applicants fulfil the requirements for acceptance in accordance with the provisions of this decree.

In selecting applicants, the committee shall take into account external appearance, strength of character, suitability for military life, and any other features it considers of military significance.

Article (7)

Academy students shall be granted salaries and allowances regulated by virtue of a decree by the Minister of Defence.

Chapter (3)

Administration of the Academy

Article (8)

The Academy shall be managed by a commandant who shall be responsible for all the Academy’s administrative, educational, training, and statutory affairs.

Article (9)

The Academy commandant and the officers of administrative and educational bodies shall practice their tasks in accordance with laws and military systems and orders.

Article (10)

Officers and civilian teachers shall teach at the Academy and the Minister of Defence, in agreement with the Director of the University of Libya, may employ the services of university professors to teach science lessons to the Academy’s students.

Article (11)

Academy officers shall be appointed from among Army officers with the competence, ability, and culture that qualify them to prepare future officers. They shall be appointed by a decree by the Minister of Defence at the proposal of the Army Chief of Staff.

Article (12)

Civilian teachers appointed in the faculty staff of the Academy shall meet the same requirements as teachers in the University of Libya or Libyan schools.

Chapter (4)

Term of Study and Courses Taught at the Academy

Article (13)

The term of study at the Academy shall be for two years. Academy students shall be granted the rank of second lieutenant after they pass the final year.

Article (14)

Studies at the Academy shall include the following courses:

Military History

Management in War and Peace Time

Military Geography

Military Training

Mobilisation

Military Health

Organisation and Armament

Law

Planning and Fortification

Visits and Tours

Mathematics

Arabic Language

Biology

English Language

Chemistry

 

The Army Chief of Staff, upon the approval of the Minister of Defence, may add other courses or exclude some of these courses, provided he does so before the beginning of the academic year and before preparing the annual curriculum set forth in the following article.

Article (15)

Before the start of each academic year, the Academy commandant shall prepare, in conjunction with the educational and training committees, the study curriculum of each grade and he shall submit it to the Army Chief of Staff for approval.

Chapter (5)

Discipline and Penalties

Article (16)

Academy students shall appear in a proper manner for military life and they shall be prohibited from committing acts against morality, public morals, or military discipline within the Academy or outside it.

Article (17)

The penalties that may be imposed on students shall be:

  1. Warning: Drawing the student’s attention so he does not repeat a minor offense he had committed.
  2. Rebuke: Drawing the student’s attention through stern reprimand in the event he commits an offense for which he was already warned or in the event he commits a mistake that requires a penalty stricter than warning.
  3. Additional Roll-Call: It means that students penalised with such penalty shall meet to check their presence within the Academy, and the meetings shall be at times and places designated by the commanding officer for disciplinary purposes.
  4. Further Education: It means that students shall carry out the military education set forth in the curriculum with his military equipment for a period determined by the commanding officer for disciplinary purposes, provided it is not less than ten minutes and not more than one hour per day. This period shall be during the ordinary rest times of students.
  5. Denial of Permission: It means that students shall be deprived from going out on Thursdays and Fridays. He shall keep wearing his military clothes within the Academy and be at the place designated by the commanding officer for disciplinary purposes when the trumpet for guilty students is sounded. They shall also study on Thursdays evening at the time allotted for this purpose and sit in the lobby on Fridays during the times of lessons.

When the offenses set forth in these laws are committed, imposing the aforementioned penalties shall be without prejudice to any other penalty provided for by military laws.

Article (18)

The following grades shall be deducted from the discipline grades of the penalised student:

Warning: Two points for every time

Rebuke: Three points for every time

Further Education: Five points for every hour or part of an hour

Denial of Permission: Six points for every vacation day.

Discipline grades shall be set at 300 points. In the event the student loses 200 points thereof within the year, he shall be considered to have failed his class. In the event he loses 250 points, he shall be dismissed from the Academy.

Article (19)

The Academy commandant or whomever he delegates shall have the authority to impose the following penalties:

  1. Warning.
  2. Rebuke.
  3. Additional roll-call, for a maximum of two days.
  4. Further education, for a maximum of two hours.
  5. Denial of permission for one weekend.

Article (20)

The commander of the detachment shall have the authority to impose the following penalties:

  1. Warning.
  2. Rebuke.
  3. Additional roll-call, for a maximum of two days.
  4. Further education, for a maximum of two hours.
  5. Denial of permission for one weekend.

Article (21)

The commander of the platoon shall have the authority to impose the following penalties:

  1. Warning.
  2. Rebuke.

The examination committee shall be formed of the Academy teaching faculty and external examiners appointed by the Army Chief of Staff.

  1. Additional counting, for a maximum of one day.
  2. Further education, for a maximum of one hour.

Article (22)

The commander of the detachment and the commander of the platoon may not impose on students any sanctions that would lower discipline grades by more than fifty points in one academic year.

Article (23)

Upon the proposal of the Academy commandant, the Army Chief of Staff may dismiss any student in the following two cases:

  1. In the event he is physically or medically unfit. In this case, unfitness shall be proved by a decision from a military medical committee formed by virtue of a decree from the Army Chief of Staff.
  2. In the event of bad conduct and behaviour and unsatisfactory acts. In this case, dismissal shall require the approval of the majority of the teaching faculty.

Chapter (6)

Examinations

Article (24)

Two exams shall be held every academic year:

  1. Mid-year exam.
  2. End-of-year exam.

Article (25)

The mid-year exam shall be in all courses and every teacher shall hold the examination for the subject he teaches on the curriculum he taught.

The exam time shall be determined by a decision from the Academy commandant.

Article (26)

The end-of-year exam shall be held in the last month of every academic year and shall be in all the courses the student took throughout the year.

  1. In the event he fails more than two subjects.
  2. In the event he fails two subjects and does not obtain the passing grade in the total.

Article (27)

The grades for each subject matter of the theoretical and practical exams shall be out of one hundred. The grades of the mid-year exam shall be added to the end-of-year exam grades and their total shall be divided by two. The result shall be the final grade for the subject in the year.

Article (28)

In the event the student is unable to take the mid-year exam or the end-of-year exam for reasonable reasons accepted by the Academy committee. A special exam shall be held for him upon the end of the mid-year vacation in the second case.

Article (29)

To pass, the student must obtain a score of 50% in each subject separately and 60% from the total of all subjects.

Article (30)

Students shall pass with the distinction “excellent” in the event they obtain a total grade of 80% and with the distinction “good” in the event they obtain a total score of 70% of more. The distinction shall be recorded on the certificate granted to students.

Article (31)

  1. The student shall repeat a year in the following cases:
  2. If he fails two subjects and obtains a passing grade in the total.
  3. If he fails one subject, whether he obtains a passing grade in the total or not.
  4. If he passes all the subjects but does not obtain a passing grade in the total, in which case the student shall choose one or two subjects to take exams in upon repeating the year.
  5. The student shall be considered to have failed in the following cases:
  6. If he passes all the subjects but does not obtain a passing grade in the total, in which case the student shall choose one or two subjects to take exams in upon repeating the year.

Article (32)

Upon the approval of the Army Chief of Staff, the teaching faculty in the Academy shall development the system to conduct examinations, their supervision, the preparation of secret numbers, and other matters relating to examinations.

Article (33)

The examinations of the second session for students repeating their year shall be held at the time specified by the Academy commandant. Students who do not attend the examinations or do not obtain the prescribed passing grade shall be considered to have failed.

Article (34)

In order to take the final examinations, the student shall have attended two-thirds of study and training hours. In this case and in the event the student does not take the exam, he shall be considered to have failed.

Article (35)

Notwithstanding what was set forth in Article (28), no examination shall be repeated and examination papers may not be re-evaluated.

Article (36)

Any student who fails for two years in the final exam shall be expelled, whether this is in one or two classes.

Article (37)

Students expelled from the Academy for any reason shall be obliged to pay all the expenses incurred by him during his presence at the Academy, including the salaries and allocations he obtained.

Article (38)

Students may leave their studies in the Academy at any time, provided they pay all the expenses incurred by him during their presence in the Academy, including the salaries and allocations he obtained. The decision to leave studies shall be approved by virtue of a decree by the Minister of Defence.

Article (39)

In the event the student leaves his studies in the Academy or it is decided to expel him, with the exception of health reasons, and he is unable to pay the amounts set forth in the preceding two articles, he shall serve for two years in the army at the rank of sergeant of a detachment if he is in the first grade and as sergeant of a platoon if he is in the second grade.

Chapter (7)

Holidays

Article (40)

Studies shall be stopped at the Academy yearly for two weeks. The timing of this holiday shall be determined by a decision from the Academy commandant.

Article (41)

Studies shall be stopped at the Academy yearly for a period that shall not exceed a month and a half.

Article (42)

The Academy commandant may grant the student an ordinary vacation during the Academic year for a period that shall not exceed ten consecutive or non-consecutive days, in cases of necessity.

Article (43)

The Minister of Defence shall implement this decree. The decree shall enter into force starting the date of its publication in the Official Gazette.

 

King Idris I of Libya

Issued in Tobruk Palace on 24 Dhu al-Qaada 1376 AH

Corresponding to 22 June 1957 AD

Upon order from the king

Abdul Majid Kaabar

Prime Minister

Al-Sadiq al-Muntasir

Minister of Defence

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