CDA 2014 Committee Proposal on Chapter 5: Transitional Measures Roadmap

Constitutional Drafting Assembly (CDA) 

The Committee on Rights, Freedoms and Transitional Measures 

A Detailed Map of the Part of Transitional Measures 

Chapter (1)

Transitional Justice Measures 

Article ( )

 

The State shall undertake to put in place the necessary measures and mechanisms to hold community dialogue, uncover the facts, achieve fairness, reconciliation and constitutional and legislative reform. These mechanisms shall be independent, neutral, objective and conducted by individuals who have diverse competencies, expertise and integrity and in a manner that ensures that this does not involve any kind of political liquidation. 

Article ( )

 

The Right to Knowledge 

The State shall be committed to take the following necessary measures:

  1. Uncover the truth and details of the systematic violations of human rights and basic freedoms in the period from 01/09/1996 until the permanent constitution takes effect;
  2. Document systematic violations and crimes of corruption
  3.  Uncover the fate of missing individuals.  

Article ( )

 

The Right to Compensation 

Without prejudice to its right to prosecute violators of rights, the State shall be committed to compensate victims and affected parties, individuals, groups, or regions in proportion to the harm or damage done. This applies to:

  1. Systematic violations of human rights;
    1. Military operations and armed conflicts.

Financial and moral compensation shall include individual, collective and regional compensations.

The State shall also be committed to:

  1. Treat the psychological and social effects of the violations and rehabilitate the victims;
    1. Guarantee the rights of persons whose property or movable assets have been illegally taken away. In the case of property, the elements that should be taken into account are the rights of the original owner, the financial position of the person who has illegally taken the property, the constructions added to the property and the previous administrative and judicial procedures;
    2. Return the bodies of the victims of wars from abroad.  

Article ( )

 

Criminal Trials 

The State shall be committed to take all the necessary measures to enshrine the principle of non-escape from criminal prosecution in relation to all those who took part in systematic violations of human rights and crimes of financial and administrative corruption. In order to achieve this, the following shall be ensured:

  1. No immunity for anyone accused of such crimes;
    1. No amnesty shall cover such crimes;
    2. These crimes are not subject to the statute of limitations, regardless of when they were committed;
    3. The necessary measures shall be taken to protect witnesses;
    4. Specialised judges shall be trained in transitional justice.

When the principle of banning violators of rights from assuming public office is violated, the authority charged with fact-finding and reconciliation shall examine the possibility of filing a criminal case concerning systematic violations of human rights based on requirements of national interest, the rights of victims and victims’ relatives, the requirements of fact-finding and banning rights violators from assuming public office. 

Article ( )

 

Guarantees of Non-Repetition

  1. The State shall be committed to institutional reform in accordance with the following measures:

-          Vetting the staff of military and the security institutions based on their records, and excluding those who are not qualified, in accordance with objective criteria, from leading positions and purging these institutions of those who took part in human rights violations and in crimes of financial and administrative corruption and rehabilitating others in a manner that ensures respect for rights and freedoms;

-          Structural reforms of institutions with the objective of guaranteeing they are based on the principles of transparency, integrity and accountability;

-          Dissolving all institutions whose existence violates provisions of the constitution.

  1. Rescinding all decisions granting Libyan nationality taken since 15/02/2011 and those taken in violation of the nationality laws in force at the time they were taken.
  2. Revising all legislation in accordance with provisions of the constitution.
  3. Disarmament and dismantling all armed organizations, conducting psychological and professional rehabilitation of their members without prejudice to the principle of not escaping criminal prosecution and ensuring the State’s monopoly of arms, guaranteeing individual and collective security and peaceful rotation of power.
  4. Taking all the necessary measures to uncover the facts about collective disputes, uncovering their causes and addressing them in a radical manner.

Article ( )

 

Chapter (2) 

The Right to Reclaim Public Funds and Religious Endowment Funds

Reclaiming Public Funds 

The State shall commit itself to take the following necessary measures:

  1. Tracing, uncovering and reclaiming public funds for the public treasury;
  2. Reclaiming State-owned property illegally appropriated by others;
  3. Tracing and uncovering grants, donations, allocations and all transactions related to transferring ownership of State-owned property in violation of legislation, reclaiming them or reclaiming their value in order to protect others who acted in good faith;
  4. Expropriating money resulting directly or indirectly from crimes of corruption;
  5. Drawing up an inventory of State investments inside and outside the country and determining their status.

In order to achieve this, the State shall implement international agreements and conclude the necessary agreements in order to obtain legal and judicial assistance.

Without prejudice to the principle of banning those who committed crimes of corruption from assuming public office, the State shall identify the legal framework for negotiations with those subject to legal prosecution to ensure the reclamation of public funds.  

Article ( )

 

Religious Endowment Funds 

The State shall commit itself to take the following necessary measures:

  1. Tracing, uncovering and reclaiming religious endowment funds;
  2. Re-evaluating the way this money is used and considering the contracts concluded in this regard in a manner that achieves the objectives of religious endowments.  

Article ( )

 

Foreigners' Ownership of Real Estate 

Without prejudice to the rights of usufruct, the State shall take the necessary measures to rescind all the legal transactions on which foreigners’ ownership of real estate is based.  

Article ( )

 

Chapter (3)

Transitional Measures Concerning Elections

Women and Parliamentary Elections 

Every electoral system shall secure at least a 30% share for women for three consecutive elections. 

Article ( )

 

Candidature in Accordance with the Individual System

The electoral system shall ensure that candidature is only possible in accordance with the individual system for three elections. (Second proposal: Candidature for parties cannot be frozen).  

Article ( )

 

Non-Permissibility of Extending the President's Term in Office

The president shall not run as a candidate to extend his term in office for a third term.