Libyan Constitution Proposal
Local Governance Committee Local (Administration) Proposal
Includes ten constitutional articles that reflect some of the committee’s members visions on the local governance system. They have been articulated in consensus between the following members:
Local Governance Principles
The local governance system in this constitution is based on administrative and financial decentralization and the two principles of equal opportunity and fair allocation of wealth. The State shall align its legislation and regulations with the same. The law shall stipulate the executive details according to the provisions of this constitution.
The country shall be divided into 32 governorates:
– Sirte, Misrata, Zleiten, Al Khums, Tarhuna, Msallata, Souf El-Jein, Tajoura wal
Nawahy Al Arbaa, Tripoli, Zawiya, Sebrata, Serman al-Gharbiya, Al-Jifara,
Gheriyan, Mazda, Yefren, Zintane, Nalout
– Tobruk, Darna, Baida, Benghazi, Ajdabiya, Al-Wahat, Al-Kufra
– Al-Jufra, Al-Shati, Sebha, Awbari, Murzuq, Ghat, Ghadames
A decision from the Cabinet to assign their administrative boundaries shall be issued
Each governorate shall enjoy, within its administrative borders, administrative and financial independence and full legal personality.
Election of Governorate Council and Chairman
The Governorate Council shall be elected by direct secret public ballot and the Chairman should be the one who receives the highest votes.
Representation in Local Councils
Elections of all levels of municipal councils shall take into consideration representation of the regions.
Governorate Council Jurisdiction
The governorate council shall be authorized of legislating, in a manner that not contradict with the State’s legislations, in the following areas:
10. Culture, historical places and monuments
11. Tourism Activities.
12. Sports, recreation and public parks.
13. Social aid and welfare.
14. Public health and hygiene.
15. Primary health care and ambulance and civil defence services
16. Local police and municipal guards.
17. Business, industrial and professional licenses.
18. Housing, construction licensing and city planning.
The Governor and His Competencies
The governorate council shall elect the Governor and he shall assume the following responsibilities:
Principle of Equal Opportunity
In implementation of the principle of equal opportunity, state activities shall be distributed across the governorates by population:
The Principle of Fair Allocation of Wealth
In implementation of the principle of fair allocation of wealth, the General Budget of the State shall be distributed in accordance with the following ratios:
Formation of Regions
A group of governorates, upon the approval of its governorates’ councils, may form economic regions.
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