Border Management & Irregular Migration


  • A unified, structured system to facilitate co-ordination and co-operation throughout all levels
  • The structure of an agency and its place in the government is clearly outlined
  • A sine qua non for management of irregular migration is the existence of an adequate set-up and sufficient capacities of the relevant authorities
  • A coordinated approach to the gathering of information on legal and illegal migration
  • Comprehensive standard operating procedures must be updated regularly
  • Proper training, including in country and specialized training of relevant officials, for proper functioning of migration management
  • Components of the training
  • Induction training, covering everything required to operate effectively at the border and inland
  • National immigration law
  • International legal norms and principles and best practices relating to immigration, asylum-seekers and refugees
  • Identification and registration of migrants
  • Protection of vulnerable categories
  • Management of immigration detention facilities
  • Management of expulsion, deportation and assisted voluntary return in line with national law and international standards, including international human rights law
  • Provision of humanitarian assistance
  • Language training, in particular, English
  • Training for managers, particularly on how to work with colleagues from different departments, army, police, etc.
  • Computer skills
  • Proper functioning of coordination and cooperation processes between key actors
  • A coordinated approach to information-gathering
  • Cooperation at all levels of the agency or ministry both horizontally and vertically
  • Inter-agency arrangements. The provisions of the agreements should include:
  • Information and data exchange obligations and mechanisms
  • Joint risk analysis and/or sharing of risk assessment reports
  • Day-to-day cooperation procedures at Border Crossing Points and inland, including joint operations and controls
  • Joint training
  • Sharing of equipment and facilities, and joint procurement
  • Early warning and contingency plans
  • Management of border crossing points (BCPs)
  • A functioning central authority responsible for managing all issues relating to and overseeing the work of BCPs, whether airports, land border crossing points or ports
  • A clear division of tasks between border management agencies
  • The chain of command between policy and operational levels is outlined
  • Networked systems allowing for quick and easy connection from the centre to the BCPs
  • A recordkeeping database
  • Acts that are offences are clearly defined and corresponding penalties have been clearly stated
  • Responsibilities of border security personnel
  • Conduct of border checks
  • Screening, searching and establishing the identity of persons
  • Providing case management and legal advice
  • Providing formal status and documentation
  • Applying basic human health, plants and plant product, animal and food and feed checks on behalf of other services
  • Crime Prevention
  • Border surveillance
  • Information gathering, recording and sharing
  • Confidentiality and respect for privacy
  • Investigations
  • Asylum-seekers
  • Restraint in the use of force
  • Law enforcement
  • Specific responsibilities for customs agencies:
    • Inspect vehicles and persons crossing the border
    • Ensure that all goods or animals transported are declared and compliant with legislation and prohibitions and restrictions protecting the safety and security of citizens and the environment
    • Check validity, authenticity and accuracy of documents
    • Issue documents and certificates
    • Collect revenues and duties
    • Conduct investigations and operations to combat smuggling and fraud
    • Collect statistics, gather and analyse information in order to identify and counter risks to the security of the border
    • Assist in the surveillance of the border
    • Provide support for search and rescue operations
  1. Rights of border security personnel
  1. Relating to border checks and customs control:
  2. The bodies responsible for its implementation
  3. The designation of contact points
  4. Areas of cooperation
  5. Form of cooperation
  6. Technical issues
  7. Relating to migrants’ countries of origin, countries of transit and destination for onward migration
  8. Relating to the regulation of migration
  9. Relating to the readmission of migrants
  • Reasons for deportation
  • Procedural guarantees
  • Aliens may be expelled only in pursuance of a decision reached in accordance with law
  • Decisions on expulsion and deportation should be in writing
  • Decisions on expulsion and deportation should indicate the reasons for the decision
  • Decisions on expulsion and deportation should be communicated in a language the migrant understands
  • Access to legal assistance or aid
  • Remedies against expulsion decision
  • Risk of human rights violations upon expulsion
  • Prohibition against collective expulsion
  • Information
  • Status and documentation
  • Immigration courts
  • Diplomatic assistance
  • The 1966 International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights
  • The 1966 International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights
  • The 1969 International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination
  • The 1979 Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women
  • The 1987 Convention Against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment
  • The 1989 Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC)
  • The 2006 Convention for the Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearances
  • The 2007 Convention on the Rights of Persons with disabilities
  • The 1990 Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of Their Families (Migrant Workers Convention)
  • The 2000 United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime
  • Annex II Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and Children, supplementing the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime (UN TIP Protocol)
  • Annex III Protocol against the Smuggling of Migrants by Land, Sea and Air, supplementing the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime
  • The Agreement of 2009 on the Convention on the Prohibition of Trafficking in Persons and of the Exploitation of the Prostitution of Others

Announcement: Launch of Enhanced Legal Database Design.

We are thrilled to announce the successful launch of our new legal database design as part of DCAF's ongoing commitment to our valued users. This update introduces a range of improvements, including a streamlined, user-friendly interface and enhanced functionalities, ensuring effortless access to vital information.

We take great pride in delivering this significant enhancement, and we reaffirm our dedication to providing you with the utmost service excellence. We extend our sincere gratitude for your continued trust and support.